Crash Tested Products – PAS 68

The Cova PAS 68 :2010 compliant crash rated security products have been specifically developed to counter Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (VBIED) to critical national infrastructure, as well as protect other high profile sites and businesses all around the world.

Cova crash tested PAS 68 compliant range covers a diverse range of our products including:

bi-folding speed gates
sliding cantilevered gates
shallow depth road blockers
full depth road blockers
static bollard and rising bollards and manual  barriers.

Our crash tested products can withstand vehicle impact speeds of 30mph, 40mph and 50mph from a 7.5-tonne vehicle.


PAS 68 is a British standard which identifies impact test methods, tolerances, test vehicle type and performance criteria that needs to be met.  It has been prepared to address the needs of organisations who wish to have the assurance that vehicle security barriers (VSB) will provide the level of impact resistance that they seek.

PAS 68  specifies the essential impact performance requirement for a vehicle security barrier (VSB) and a test method for rating its performance when subjected to a single impact by a test vehicle. The test vehicle is not driven by a human being.


BSI is the business standards company that helps organizations all over the world make excellence a habit. For more than a century they have been challenging mediocrity and complacency to help embed excellence into the way people and products work. They show businesses how to improve performance, reduce risk and achieve sustainable growth.

BSI PAS 68 stands for Publicly Available Specification (PAS) for vehicle security barriers. It has been the UK’s standard and recognised security industry’s standard for HVM (Hostile Vehicle Mitigation) equipment. It is the benchmark in which perimeter security equipment is tested as part of the ongoing research to prevent VBIED (Vehicle Born Improvised Explosive Device) attacks.

The latest copy of the BSI Guidelines for the specification and installation of vehicle security products can be found here.

Performance Ratings and Results

A PAS 68 & IWA14-1 performance rating is designated to each product that has been impact tested; this classification code should be available to confirm the test results.

The CPNI (Centre for Protection of National Infrastructure) in conjunction with other stakeholders developed the PAS 68 classification. This has now been replaced with the International Works Agreement (IWA) 14-1, combining elements of both PAS68 and the US classification ASTM 2656-07.

For example following a vehicle impact test it will be given a rating that may look similar to the following:


V/test weight [vehicle class]/speed[kmh]/ angle:penetration/dispersion).

The full explanation of this rating is as follows;

V= Impact test type – Actual vehicle impact tested to repeatable scientific conditions

1500, 2500, 3500, 7500= mass of vehicle ie. weight in kg

N = The Vehicle typeSee the vehicle types explained below;
N1: Vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of goods and having a maximum mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes.
N2: Vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of goods and having a maximum mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes but not exceeding 12 tonnes.
N3: Vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of goods and having a maximum mass exceeding 12 tonnes.

48 = speed in KPH (30mph) Vehicle impact test speed of the test vehicle measured along its approach path at a point no further than 8m before the impact point.
64 = speed in KPH (40mph)
80 = speed in KPH (50mph)
90= Impact angle of test in the horizontal plane, between the intended impact face and the approach path of the test vehicle into the test item. Usually 90 degrees although some tests are at 45 degrees such as fencing.

2.4 = In pas 68 this is the penetration of the vehicle is measured from the original position of the REAR face of the equipment.

7.9 = where major debris landed beyond the original position of the rear face of the equipment.

Cova PAS 68 Products:

CSG 10140 Crash Tested Sliding Cantilevered Gate PAS68 tested to 7,500kg (7.5 Tonne vehicle) @ 64km/h (40mph).
3m wide: PAS 68: 2010 V/7500[N2]/64/90:1.7/0.0
5m wide: PAS 68: 2010 V/7500[N2]/64/90:2.0/0.0
8m wide: PAS 68: 2010 V/7500[N2]/64/90:3.0/0.0

CSG 10503 Crash Tested Full Depth Road Blocker PAS 68 tested to 7,500kg (7.5 Tonne vehicle @ 80km/h (50mph)
3m wide: PAS 68: 2010 V7500 (N2)/80/90:0/25

CSG 10506 Crash Tested Shallow Depth Road Blocker PAS 68 tested to 7.5 Tonne vehicle @ 80km/h (50mph)
3m wide: PAS 68: 2010 V/7500 (N2)/80/90:0/25

CSG 10640 & 10650 Crash Tested Trackless Bi-Folding Gate PAS 68 tested to 7.5 Tonne vehicle @ 64km /80km/h (40mph / 50mph)
CSG 10640 @ 40 mph PAS 68:2010 Swing Gate V/7500[N2]/64/90:2.2/0.0
CSG 10650 @ 50 mph PAS 68:2010 Swing Gate V/7500[N3]/80/90:6.8/9.1

CSG 10800 Articulated Shallow Depth Static Bollard Series
CSG 10840 @ 40mph) PAS 68:2010 Fixed Bollard V/7500(N2)/64/90:0.0/17.9
CSG 10850 @ 50mph) PAS 68:2010 Fixed bollard V/7500(N2)/80/90:2.8/9.8

CSG 1840 Crash Tested Rising Bollard PAS 68 tested to 7.5 Tonne vehicle @ 64km/h (40mph)
CSG 11840 @ 40mph : CWA 16221:2010 V/[N2]7500/64/90:1.0/19.4

CSG 10900 Crash Tested Manual Barrier ‘Miti-Gate®’ PAS 68 tested to 7.5 Tonne vehicle @ 48km/h (30mph) & 64km/h (40mph)

Miti-Gate® 10930 – Tested to PAS 68:2010 7.5 tonne @ 30mph/48kmh

Single Leaf – Nominal opening up to 7m – TRL 047: V/7500[N2]/64/90:3.0/0.0, tested at 8.8m

Double Leaf – Nominal opening up to 10m – TRL046: V/7500[N2]/48/90:2.5/0.0 (2-leaf) tested at 10.8m

Miti-Gate® 10940 – Tested to PAS 68:2010 7.5 tonne @ 40mph/64kmh

Single Leaf – Nominal opening up to 7.5m – TRL 047: V/7500[N2]/64/90:3.0/0.0, tested at 8.8m

IWA 14 : 2013

IWA (International Working Agreement) purely measures vehicle impact performance and not the surrounding site environment like PAS 68 (or PAS 69) does.

CWA 16621 : 2010

A European Workshop Agreement that combines elements from BSI PAS 68 and PAS 69. It advises on test methods for determining vehicle security performance and product selection and installation.

In Conclusion

Cova understand that selecting the right crash rated product for your project is critical in order to achieve maximum protection, and making this decision and understanding the benefits can often be daunting and very confusing. By talking through your project needs and for Cova to gain an understanding of the level of protection required, along with vehicle access and control, location of the gate (hot vs cold climate), how frequently it will be used, what safety is required the decision becomes a lot clearer.

With more than 32 years of experience we’d be happy to guide you on the suitablity of our product range for your needs.


CSG 10140

CSG 10800

CSG 10506

CSG 10640 & 10650

CSG 10503

CSG 10630

CSG 10900

CSG 11840